Monday, April 20, 2009


The word is out among Klamath cognoscenti that a final deal to remove four of PacifiCorp’s five Klamath River dams is imminent. Barring last minute snags, look for a Dam Deal to be announced soon – possibly before the end of March.

Meanwhile, Klamath Riverkeeper is once again soliciting donations in order to send Klamath River residents to Omaha for the Berkshire Hathaway shareholder meeting. Berkshire Hathaway and Warren Buffett, the company’s chief shareholder, own PacifiCorp.

Those going to Omaha say that they are “cautiously optimistic regarding PacifiCorp’s ongoing negotiations with local communities on a dam removal plan” but that they “want the corporation to know we are anxious to see a final binding agreement that removes dams and protects our water quality.”

Klamath Riverkeeper has adopted a strong position on a Klamath River dam deal. According to their web site, the group is adamant that a final dam removal agreement must:

  • Comply with the mainstem Klamath TMDL and preserve the integrity and enforceability of all water laws and regulations.
  • Preserve and respect the roles and authorities of water quality regulators.
  • Limit immunity to the act of dam removal.
  • Commit to locate funding for dam removal independent of a bond that would build a peripheral canal or any new dams.
  • Eliminate or drastically improve the secretarial finding clauses that give the federal government veto power over dam removal in 2012.
  • Increase certainty of dam removal by eliminating rights of withdrawal or qualifying them with written consequences for exercising those rights.

Last year dam removal advocates did not receive a warm reception from Berkshire Hathaway. But with a “final” deal immanent, KlamBlog would not be surprised to see last year’s protesters sharing the podium with Mr. Buffett when a Deal is announced in Omaha this spring. If that happens, Buffett and PacifiCorp will have completed a transformation from “corporate profiteer” to “Klamath Hero” – at least in well spun media reports.

Those media reports will be a sure indication whether the Deal is good for PacifiCorp and its shareholders. But they will likely not let the public know whether or not the Deal will be good on balance for the Klamath River – including whether it meets Klamath Riverkeeper’s criteria as described on the group’s web site and reported above.

KlamBlog remains skeptical on that score but we will wait to see what is proposed and hope for the best. If the “Agreement in Principle” that preceded it is any indication, however, the final Deal will be a special interest Christmas Tree loaded with taxpayers-financed payoffs for PacifiCorp, the Klamath’s Irrigation Elite and certain tribal bureaucracies.

Whatever happens in Omaha and whatever the final Deal includes, however, one thing is sure: announcement of a final Deal will not really be “final”. If public financing, water management, new subsidies, exemption from regulation and liability forgiveness for PacifiCorp and the Irrigation Elite are included - as appears likely - federal and state legislation will be needed and that will be a new ball game that can not be hidden from public scrutiny.

In our March 26th post KlamBlog announced that a powerful new player – the Industrial Customers of Northwest Utilities (ICNU) had entered the Klamath fray. ICNU represents big industrial power users including the Aluminum and Internet Industries. On the Klamath the association is likely focused on preventing legislation which would give the Irrigation Elite access to cheap Bonneville Power which the group’s industrial members now control. KlamBlog expects ICNU to be active when and if Dam and Water Deal legislation is introduced into Congress.

And don’t count out those members of the environmental and fishing community who do not support the Water Deal and oppose a sweetheart deal for PacifiCorp. There are a large number of such organizations in the First Congressional District where Congressman Mike Thompson is seen as critical to passage of Klamath legislation. Mr. Thompson will be under strong pressure from his constituents to not sponsor Klamath Legislation which puts a select group of powerful irrigators first in line for Klamath River Water over salmon and wildlife refuges.

For the above reasons announcement of a “final” Dam Deal will not, in fact, be final. Whatever is in that Deal there will be months and years - and many twists of fate - before the issue of PacifiCorp’s Klamath River Dams – and the controversial Water Deal which some interests hope can ride the dam removal wave – are indeed “final”.



Long simmering just under the surface, antagonism between the Siskiyou County Board of Supervisors and the Karuk Tribe has now boiled over. The current bone of contention is recreational mining on the Klamath River with the Karuk Tribe joining Klamath Riverkeeper in legal and administrative challenges and the Siskiyou Supervisors strongly opposing that move.

In retaliation for the petition and related lawsuit to limit and better regulate mining, the New 49ers (a recreational mining organization based in Happy Camp), the Siskiyou County Grange and others filed a petition with the Fish & Game Commission asking for removal of Karuk fishing rights at Katimin – the center of the Karuk World at Somes Bar. Sponsors of the petition asked the Siskiyou Supervisors to join in – a position strongly supported by Supervisor Marcia Armstrong who represents the Klamath River Area where both the Tribe and the New 49ers are based. While they oppose regulation of recreational mining, however, the other four supervisors would not go along with Armstrong and Siskiyou County did not join the attack on Karuk fishing.

Recently the California Fish & Game Commission heard and rejected the punitive petition.

In a related move which for the most part slipped under the media radar, the State of California recently threatened to cancel Siskiyou County’s administration of the Surface Mining and Reclamation Act (SMRA). Prompted by citizen complaints, the state found that Siskiyou County had not adequately administered mine reclamation – collecting performance bonds but not verifying that reclamation work had actually taken place after mineral extraction ended. Consequently, the state issued a 45-day notice of its intent to take over the reclamation program.

Looking at a loss of control and a corresponding loss of revenue, the county swallowed its sovereignty rhetoric and began doing the job it was obligated to do all along.



There is a struggle going on in the Upper Klamath River Basin concerning who has a right to represent the interests of the “other” group of irrigators – those who do not obtain water via the federal Klamath Project operated by the US Bureau of Reclamation. KlamBlog readers will recall that we believe these non-federal irrigators would get a raw deal under the proposed Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement – what we call the Water Deal.

Of course these folks getting a raw deal compared to those who get federal irrigation water would be nothing new in the Klamath Basin. Here as elsewhere in the West those who have the good fortune to be part of federal irrigation projects have always been granted generous subsidies and other benefits which give them a competitive advantage compared to private irrigators. That is why federal project irrigators are generally better off than farmers and ranchers who do not get federal irrigation water. And that is one of the reasons KlamBlog calls these federal project irrigators the Irrigation Elite.

Most “Off- Project” irrigators seem to agree that the Water Deal is not in their interest. A small group of them, however, apparently think otherwise. It is that group which was recently granted membership in the elite and secretive Klamath Settlement Group. As a result the new group garnered lots of press. But “Off Project” irrigators who oppose the Water Deal are not taking the latest attempt to sideline and co-opt their interests lying down. Here is a letter about the situation written by Tom Mallams, President of the Klamath Off-Project Water Users Association, which was recently published in the Capital Press – an agricultural weekly covering California, Oregon, Washington and Idaho ~

'New' groups join Klamath talks?

Tom Mallams

Thursday, April 16, 2009

Once again the corrupt process overpowers logic, common sense and equitable participation. A small non-representative group being added to the Klamath Settlement Group is another example of how corrupt the dam removal and Klamath Basin Restoration Group process continues to be.

Upper Klamath Water Users Association was added in the so-called consensus-driven meeting even with the opposition of at least three of the groups. Their addition to the main group is just another "rubber stamp" of the federal government, tribal and environmentalist-driven group.

I guess consensus doesn't always mean consensus in this flawed process. It is like being sort of pregnant - you are or you are not. You can't have it both ways.

We have been promised that this process would always be a consensus-driven group. At the same time "another" formal request was made to add one or two truly representative irrigation groups in the upper basin. The Sprague River Water Users and/or Resource Conservancy, which represents a very substantial group of irrigators comprising approximately 125,000 irrigated acres. This request was turned down again and instead the small group representing approximately 2,000 irrigated acres was added to the group.

The obvious intention is to exclude any group that is not in complete agreement, to force the public, without due process, into dam removal, a tribal land gift and the so-called "promise" of water guarantee for the Klamath Project, under the guise of "saving the river."

There is still no credible science that states dam removal will even help the river or support fish survival if the dams are removed. There is equal logic that concludes that dam removal would actually worsen conditions with no sustained late-season flows. Actual dam removal costs are shown by two federal government studies to be in the billions of dollars. Fish ladders and structure upgrades certainly seem to be the best option at a cost estimated to be approximately $350 million.

We are still committed to a basin-wide settlement, but it has to be equitable and it is not even close to that as it is written today. This is evidenced by more participants in the Klamath Settlement Group formally dropping out of further talks, because of similar concerns we have been raising.

Our numerous attempts to introduce beneficial amendments in the Klamath Basin Restoration Agreement to address Off-Project Water Users' concerns is being portrayed as a roadblock by some. We are still trying to work with the settlement process, in spite of continually being excluded and ignored in our requests for changes in the agreement.

Tom Mallams, President, Klamath Off-Project Water Users Association, Beatty, Ore.

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